Vocabulary Quiz

EnglishSmarts CT Quiz 680


What’s the missing word? (The same word fits all the gaps). Answers by DM *only* to @EnglishSmarts on Twitter.

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🔹 _____ horses couldn’t make me go back there!

🔹 to send somebody on a _____ goose chase

🔹 never in my _____est dreams, did I think I would get the job!

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Confusing Words, Vocabulary Quiz, What's the Difference?

End the Confusion (5): Raise vs. Rise

Raise vs. Rise

The verb ‘raise‘ (raised/raised), is transitive so this means that it requires a direct object.

🔸  She raised her hand.

🔸  They have raised their prices again.

🔸  I intend to raise the issue with the manager.

The verb ‘rise‘ (rose/risen), on the other hand, is intransitive. This means there is no object (person, thing, pronoun, etc) receiving the action.

🔸  The temperature is rising.

🔸  The sun rose at 5 am.

🔸  Thanks to their win this weekend, Arsenal have risen to the top of the league.

Exercise

Add the correct form of ‘rise’ or ‘raise’. Scroll down for the answers. 

  1. The bread didn’t _____ because I forgot to add the yeast.
  2. The landlord can’t _____ the rent. You only moved in a short time ago.
  3. So let’s _____ our glasses and drink a toast to the happy couple!
  4. The helicopter _____ into the air and headed towards the nearby island.
  5. It was only three degrees when we got up, but by the afternoon the temperature had _____ to twenty degrees.
  6. Raquel is doing a wonderful job of _____ her kids.










Answers

1. rise
2. raise
3. raise
4. rose
5. risen
6. raising

Grammar, Vocabulary

Adjectives + Prepositions (3): In and Out of Love

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Choose the correct preposition in brackets. Sometimes no preposition is necessary. 

  1. Nick has fancied _____ Amy for ages.
  2. Maddox says he fell _____ love _____ Summer the moment he saw her.
  3. Sam used to have a crush _____ his German teacher.
  4. Patricia adores _____ Alexander but she doesn’t want to marry _____ him yet.
  5. Gwyneth was only engaged _____ Brad Pitt, she was never married _____ him.
  6. “Do you have to flirt _____ everybody?” – “Don’t worry, darling, I only have eyes _____ you.”
  7. I’m not surprised Lisa broke up _____ Edwin. Their relationship had been _____ the rocks for some time. She suspects he was cheating _____ her.
  8. Their marriage soon ended _____ divorce.
  9. Katherine and Tim are head _____ heels _____ love. Theirs is a match made _____ heaven.
  10. Do you believe in love _____ first sight?










    Answers

    1. —
    2. in; with
    3. on
    4. –; —
    5. to; to
    6. with; for
    7. with; on; on
    8. in
    9. over; in; in
    10. at

Confusing Words, What's the Difference?

End the Confusion #4: Look, See, or Watch?

Learners often mix up these three concepts. Understanding the difference and using them correctly is a little tricky. Let’s see if I can clarify them for you….

audience-1866738_1280
It’s hard to see the players from here!

Look / Look at

When we look at somebody or something there is a specific intention, a reason. We turn our eyes in a particular direction and focus on somebody or something.

Can you look at the timetable and tell me the time of the next bus?

Emily was so angry with her brother that she couldn’t look at him.

Take note! 📝 When there’s no object we just use look.

Look! Isn’t that your sister over there?

See

See means that we notice or become aware of something or somebody, that the image of them comes to our eyes. There’s usually no specific effort involved*. See is often used to refer to the ability to use the sense of sight and it can also express the idea of something being visible. ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are often used with see

Are you looking for your phone? I saw it on the sofa.

As we were coming out of the hotel we suddenly saw Elton John!

Bob doesn’t like driving at night as he can’t see very well.

Have you seen Monica’s new dog? He’s so cute!

I looked in the cupboard but I couldn’t see any tea.

Lucky them! They can see the sea from their house.

*However, in the case of entertainment see is similar to ‘watch‘. But we’ll move on to that in a moment.

It might be useful to point out that we also typically expand the idea of ‘see’ to mean things like ‘meet’ or ‘visit’ or ‘date’. Used in this way see becomes an action verb and so can be used in the continuous form.

I’m seeing Tom for dinner tonight.

Perhaps you should see the doctor about your knee.

Is George seeing anybody at the moment? (= Is he dating…?)

Watch

If we watch somebody or something we look at them carefully, we observe them for a period of time. We watch things that move or change or that may be about to move or change. We want to see what’s going to happen next. We watch TV because there are moving images. So we can’t watch photos or paintings, instead we see or look at them.

Do you want to play football with us? – No thanks, I’ll just watch.

If you’re not watching anything, please turn the TV off.

We watched the children as they played in the pool.

Investors are going to be watching the stock market closely tomorrow.

See vs Watch

When it comes to entertainment, that is, films, sporting events, concerts, etc, see and watch can sometimes be used interchangeably.

“How was the match?” – “Oh, I didn’t see/watch it in the end.”

The documentary was really long. I didn’t have time to see/watch the whole thing.

However, we generally use see rather than watch if we actually attend the concert, match, or theatre performance, etc. ‘Watch’ would sound strange in the following examples:

I’m so thankful I got to see George Michael in concert.

(Compare with: I watched the Coldplay concert last night: Here the listener would understand that you saw it on the TV)

I’d love to go and see Federer play at Wimbledon.

Our school took us to see “A Midsummer’s Night Dream” at the Barbican Theatre.

Tip: During the next week really pay attention to how native speakers use these words. Write down the examples you hear or read.

Now let’s practise, shall we? Scroll down for the answers.

Exercise

Add look (at), see or watch in the correct form.

  1. I can’t _____ very well with these glasses any more.
  2. Can you be quiet! I’m trying to _____ this programme.
  3. If you _____ the photo closely you can _____ a dog in the background.
  4. While we were _____ the match the phone rang.
  5. There was so much fog that we couldn’t _____ a thing.
  6. Don’t _____ now but your ex-boyfriend has just arrived.
  7. What time are you _____ the doctor?
  8. Here, _____ the bill. They’ve made a mistake, haven’t they?
  9. I wish I could have _____ Queen in concert.
  10. I had this strange feeling that I was being _____.
Photos_audience_watch
I wonder what they are all looking at.

Answers

  1. I can’t see very well with these glasses any more.
  2. Can you be quiet! I’m trying to watch this programme.
  3. If you look at the photo closely you can see a dog in the background.
  4. While we were watching the match the phone rang.
  5. There was so much fog that we couldn’t see a thing.
  6. Don’t look now but your ex-boyfriend has just arrived.
  7. What time are you seeing the doctor?
  8. Here, look at the bill. They’ve made a mistake, haven’t they?
  9. I wish I could have seen Queen in concert.
  10. I had this strange feeling that I was being watched.
Grammar Exercises

Spot the Mistakes (33)

Which of these sentences are grammatically incorrect? Correct the mistakes.

  1. Where have you been? I’m waiting for you for over a hour!
  2. This is highly confidential information. You don’t have to tell anyone.
  3. “I don’t like that restaurant.” – “Nor do I.”
  4. You can come and visit us any time you like.
  5. I reminded Ben to take the medicine before he went to bed.
  6. I won’t speak to him until he will apologise.
  7. We’re going on holiday in the end of the month.
  8. That party was pretty boring, isn’t it?












Answers

1.  Where have you been? I’ve been waiting for you for over an hour!

2. This is highly confidential information. You mustn’t tell anyone.

3. ✅

4. ✅

5. ✅

6. I won’t speak to him until he apologises.

7. We’re going on holiday at the end of the month.

8. That party was pretty boring, wasn’t it?

Grammar Exercises

Adjectives + Prepositions (2)

A.  Choose the correct preposition in brackets.

1.  Tom’s very keen _____ sailing.  (in, of, on)

2.  The children are busy _____ their homework. (at, in, with)

3.  Bryan is frightened _____ clowns. (about, of, with)

4.  Sugar is bad _____ your teeth.  (for, of, with)

5.  I’m quite bad _____ maths.  (about, at, of)

6.  You got the job? That’s wonderful! I’m so proud _____ you! (about, of, with)

7.  I don’t think that dress is suitable _____ your sister’s wedding.  (for, of, to)

8.  The children are excited ____ going on holiday.  (about, for, to)

9.  Charlie is married _____ Lisa.  (of, to, with)

10.  Amanda is very interested _____ buying a house in Tuscany. (in, on, to)

11.  Jam is packed _____ calories (about, of, with) as it’s full _____ sugar.  (in, of, with)

12. Alessandro is responsible _____ the rock band’s social media accounts. (at, for, of)

13. Are you really serious _____ leaving your job?  (about, at, in)

14.  It was rude _____ them to leave without telling us.  (at, of, with)

15.  I wasn’t aware _____ the problem.  (for, in, of)

16.  You’re pretty good _____ skiing. (at, for, in)

17.  Eat your spinach, darling. It’s very good _____ you.  (at, for, to)

















pb - jan 2019 - cherries

Answers

1. on

2. with

3. of

4. for

5. at

6. of

7. for

8. about

9. to

10. in

11. with; of

12. for

Practice

B.  After you’ve checked your answers, complete the sentences with a suitable preposition and your own ideas.

1.  I should eat more _________________ as it’s very good _____ me.

2.  I should drink less _______________ as it’s not very good _____ me.

3.  I’m interested _____  _______________.

4.  My best friend is pretty good _____   _____________ .

5.  I’m frightened _____  _______________ .

6.  I’m excited _____  _______________ .

7.  (famous person) ______________is married _____  (famous person) _____________ .

8.  At home I’m responsible _____  _______________ .

9.  I’m not very keen _____  _______________ .

10.  I’m busy _____  _______________ at the moment.


NB. Some adjectives can go with different prepositions depending on the context, as you have just seen with ‘good’ and ‘bad’.  So it’s a good idea to check your answers with a native speaker or a teacher. 

Grammar Exercises

Spot the Mistakes (11)

Spot the Mistakes Cover New

Which of these sentences are grammatically incorrect? Correct the mistakes.

  1. It hasn’t rained here since three months.
  2. Where’s nearest petrol station?
  3. He’s asleep. Please don’t wake up him.
  4. “Is it cold outside?” – “Yes, much.”
  5. I need you to listen very carefully.
  6. Did you born here?
  7. I hardly don’t see Luka these days.
  8. Shall I make us some coffee?

















    Answers

    1. It hasn’t rained here for three months.
    2. Where’s the nearest petrol station?
    3. He’s asleep. Please don’t wake him up.
    4. “Is it cold outside?” – “Yes, very.”
    5. ✅
    6. Were you born here?
    7. I hardly see Luka these days.
    8. ✅